Select two cultivars to cross ,checking that pollen is present and stigma viscid(sticky), carefully take off the bottom petal.(attachment 1 )
These must have been isolated from bees from the time they commence to open, for obvious reasons, to prevent unwanted fertilisation. The stigma becomes receptive before the flower is fully open normally,
Then place some pollen, removed from the bottom petal” hairs” of the second plant’s bloom, into the hollow cleft of the other stigma.(attachment 2 ).Various methods can be employed to achieve this and a magnifying glass certainly helps to check this operation has been carried out to the best of your ability.
Finally record which is the pollen giver and which will be the seed bearer and tie round stem of crossed flower.(attachment 3)This one refers to a later cross.
Isolate the crossed bloom from any bees etc. Until a enlarging seed capsule is present, about 14 days in good conditions.
The seed capsule after only a few weeks. (attachment 4)The stigma can still be seen at the top of the capsule.
Not every cross will produce fertile seed -timing as in life itself is everything !!!!
This method can be used for any violas,pansies,violettas or panolas obtained from any garden centre to try to create new colours,types etc by anyone with an interest and just a few minutes time.